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Partner Publication
1 May 2020

Coal phase-out in South East Europe

Energy-economic facts, funding needs in Bulgaria, Greece and Romania and EU Just Transition Funding. Do the puzzle pieces fit together?


In this policy note, Klimapolitika maps energy-economic facts of a coal phase-out in Bulgaria, Greece and Romania with funding needs to enable a Just Transition in the respective mining regions and mirror them with the proposed EU’s Just Transition Fund. They derive conclusions whether the Fund can provide sufficient support for a coal phase-out and a just transition. The authors first summarise the expected impacts of a coal phase-out in the three countries in section 2. They then assess the scope of funding, the level of funding, and conditions attached to the use of funding in section 3 from the perspective of these three South East European member states to determine whether the funding is in line with their needs.

The analysis for was performed under the project "South East Europe Energy Transition Dialogue" which is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). The opinions put forward in this publication are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).

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Bibliographical data

Ágnes Kelemen, Dóra Csernus
Publication date

1 May 2020

This publication was produced within the framework of the project Southeast Europe Energy Transition Dialogue.